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Steve Jobs meninggal dunia

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Laman Web Apple, Inc hari ini
Laman Web Apple, Inc hari ini

Pengasas Apple Inc, Steve Jobs, telah meninggal dunia awal pagi tadi.(Rabu-semalam)

Lembaga pengarah Apple telah mengeluarkan satu kenyataan yang mengesahkan kematian Steve Jobs.

Mendiang berumur 56 tahun dan telah meletakkan jawatan sebagai ketua eksekutif Apple atas sebab-sebab kesihatan pada bulan Ogos lepas.

SAN FRANCISCO: Apple Inc co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs, counted among the greatest American CEOs of his generation, died on Wednesday at the age of 56, after a years-long and highly public battle with cancer and other health issues.

Jobs' death was announced by Apple in a statement late on Wednesday. The Apple.com homepage featured a black-and-white picture of him with the words "Steve Jobs, 1955-2011."

The Silicon Valley icon who gave the world the iPod and the iPhone had resigned as CEO of the world's largest technology corporation in August, handing the reins to current chief executive Tim Cook.

A survivor of a rare form of pancreatic cancer, he was deemed the heart and soul of a company that rivals Exxon Mobil as the most valuable in America.

"Steve's brilliance, passion and energy were the source of countless innovations that enrich and improve all of our lives. The world is immeasurably better because of Steve," Apple said in a statement announcing Jobs' passing.

"His greatest love was for his wife, Laurene, and his family. Our hearts go out to them and to all who were touched by his extraordinary gifts."

Job's health had been a controversial topic for years. His battle with cancer had been a deep concern to Apple fans, investors and the company's board alike. In past years, even board members have confided to friends their concern that Jobs, in his quest for privacy, wasn't being forthcoming enough with directors about the true condition of his health.

Now, despite investor confidence in Cook, who has stood in for his boss during three leaves of absence, there remain concerns about whether the company would stay a creative force to be reckoned with beyond the next year or so without its founder and visionary at the helm.

The news triggered an immediate outpouring of sympathy. Among others, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates said he will miss Jobs "immensely".


A college dropout, Buddhist and son of adoptive parents, Jobs started Apple Computer with friend Steve Wozniak in the late 1970s. The company soon introduced the Apple 1 computer.

But it was the Apple II that became a huge success and gave Apple its position as a critical player in the then-nascent PC industry, culminating in a 1980 IPO that made Jobs a multimillionaire.

Despite the subsequent success of the Mac, Jobs' relationship with top management and the board soured. The company removed most of his powers and then in 1985 he was fired.

Jobs's death came the day after Apple unveiled the new iPhone 4S at its headquarters in Cupertino, California.


A chronology of Steve Jobs at Apple

Some key dates from the life and work of Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc., who resigned Wednesday as CEO.

1955: Stephen Paul Jobs is born on Feb. 24.

1972: Jobs enrolls in Reed College in Portland, Oregon but drops out after a semester.

1974: Jobs works for video game maker Atari and attends meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club with Steve Wozniak, a high school friend who was a few years older.

1976: Apple Computer is formed on April Fools' Day, shortly after Wozniak and Jobs create a new computer circuit board in a Silicon Valley garage. The Apple I computer goes on sale by the summer for $666.66.

1977: Apple is incorporated by its founders and a group of venture capitalists. It unveils Apple II, the first personal computer to generate color graphics. Sales soar to the rate of $1 million a year.

1978: Jobs' daughter Lisa is born to girlfriend Chrisann Brennan.

1979: Jobs visits Xerox PARC and is inspired by a computer with a graphical user interface.

1980: Apple goes public, raising $110 million in one of the biggest initial public offerings to date.

1982: Annual sales climb to $1 billion.

1983: The Lisa computer goes on sale with much fanfare, only to be pulled two years later. Steve Jobs lures John Sculley away from Pepsico Inc. to serve as Apple's CEO.

1984: Iconic ``1984'' Macintosh commercial directed by Ridley Scott shows during the Super Bowl. The Macintosh computer goes on sale.

1985: Jobs and Sculley clash, leading to Jobs' resignation. Wozniak also resigns from Apple.


Apple's co-founder Steve Jobs' impact will last for generations: Bill Gates

SAN FRANCISCO: Apple co-founder Steve Jobs has had an impact on the world which will last for generations, Microsoft boss Bill Gates said Wednesday, adding that it had been "an insanely great honor" to know him.

"Steve and I first met nearly 30 years ago, and have been colleagues, competitors and friends over the course of more than half our lives," he said, adding that he was "truly saddened" to learn of his death.

"The world rarely sees someone who has had the profound impact Steve has had, the effects of which will be felt for many generations to come," he said in statement received by AFP.

"For those of us lucky enough to get to work with him, it's been an insanely great honor. I will miss Steve immensely," he added.

Jobs and Gates had famously testy relations over the years, as Microsoft went from strength to strength, while Jobs' Apple fortunes faltered before he came back to take crown with iconic products like the iPod, iPhone and iPad.

In a 1994 Rolling Stone interview, Jobs said: "If you say, well, how do you feel about Bill Gates getting rich off some of the ideas that we had ... well, you know, the goal is not to be the richest man in the cemetery.

"It's not my goal anyway," he said.

Six big successes of Steve Jobs that impacted our lives most

The response to the resignation of the Apple CEO has been unprecedented. Fittingly so. For Steve Jobs did nothing that was anything like before. The man who wanted "to put a ding in the universe" orchestrated several tech revolutions that changed the way we work and play. Be it the icons on our computer screens, the tiny music player in our pockets or the applications in our smartphone. His vision of the world changed ours. We pick the Big Six from his enviable portfolio of successes that impacted our lives most and made Jobs, the icon.


Before Steve: Computers responded to C:\> (remember MS DOS?) . And the mouse was a rodent you hated

Steve Effect: Icons appeared on the screen. The mouse became a buddy you 'clicked' with

Device: Macintosh

Launch Date: January 24, 1984

"Unaccustomed as I am to public speaking, I'd like to share with you a maxim I thought of the first time I met an IBM mainframe: Never trust a computer you can't lift" - Part of the script the first Macintosh read out at its launch

Was the Mac a PC? It shunned computer language, swapped icons for codes. Today, the Mac line remains a trendsetter: with an intuitive OS and functions designed with "Steve simplicity" . Ask any user: Macs have never been just PCs.


Before Steve: The Walkman-like audio player's size was big. Its memory was not

Steve Effect: You had 1,000 songs at the whir of a 'click wheel' in a device the size of a card deck

Device: iPod Classic

Launch Date: October 23, 2003

"There are sneakers that cost more than an iPod." - Jobs on the $300 price tag of iPod

Creative, Audio Highway made portable music players before. But the iPod was the fastest, portable-est and sleek-est of all. Gen Z won't believe that 10 years ago, we worked, ran, read and travelled without clipping on iPod.


The day had come for Apple Inc's Steve Jobs

ET puts together a snapshot of his career that was built on unusually high risk-taking based on unfailing and unique understanding of what consumers really want.

1976: Starting Up: Jobs Starts Apple Computer Co. (now Apple Inc.) with Wozniak in the family garage

1983: Sculley Comes In: Jobs hires John Sculley from PepsiCo. He reportedly asked Sculley whether he "wants to sell sugar water for the rest of your life or come with me and change the world?"

1984: Introduces Macintosh: The Macintosh becomes one of the first personal computers to use a graphical interface

1985: Forced Out: Jobs is ousted from Apple in a boardroom coup led by Sculley; resigns with $150 million but is personally hurt; forms NeXT Software

1986: Acquires Pixar: Buys Pixar computer animation studios from George Lucas for less than $10 million

1989: NeXT & Pixar Story: NeXT produces a powerful but expensive computer, which is rejected by the market; Pixar wins an Academy Award for computer-animated 'Tin Toy'

1996: Returns to Apple: Apple's purchase of NeXT not only brings Jobs back into the fold, but also gives the company the seed of a new operating system

1999: The Dawn of the iBook: The Apple iBook is added as a lower-cost laptop line, priced at $1,599. It includes wireless technology

2001: March of the iPods: About the size of a deck of cards, the original iPod weighed 6.5 ounces and cost $399

2004: Treated for Cancer: At the age of 49, Steve jobs undergoes emergency surgery to remove a tumour on his pancreas

2006: Disney Prince: Walt Disney buys Pixar for $7.4 billion. Jobs, who had 50.1% stake in Pixar, becomes Disney's largest individual shareholder

2007: The iPhone: Apple's iPhone becomes one of the most talked about consumer products, redefining the smartphone market

2009: First Leave of Absence: Apple shares fall in after-hours trading on January 14 when Jobs announces he will temporarily step down as the company's CEO because of health reasons

2010: Unveils the iPad: Apple's tablet computer becomes the standard-bearer for the industry, selling 500,000 units within a week and spawning a wave of tablets from the company's competitors

2011: Bids Adieu: Apple says Steven P Jobs, its co-founder and chief executive, will step down. Tim Cook, chief operating officer, will take over the position


Steve Jobs dies: Apple chief created personal computer, iPad, iPod, iPhone

Steve Jobs, the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, has died, Apple said. Jobs was 56.


Steve Jobs, the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, has died, Apple said. Jobs was 56.

"We are deeply saddened to announce that Steve Jobs passed away today," read a statement by Apple's board of directors. "Steve's brilliance, passion and energy were the source of countless innovations that enrich and improve all of our lives. The world is immeasurably better because of Steve. His greatest love was for his wife, Laurene, and his family. Our hearts go out to them and to all who were touched by his extraordinary gifts."

The homepage of Apple's website this evening switched to a full-page image of Jobs with the text, "Steve Jobs 1955-2011."

Clicking on the image revealed the additional text: "Apple has lost a visionary and creative genius, and the world has lost an amazing human being. Those of us who have been fortunate enough to know and work with Steve have lost a dear friend and an inspiring mentor. Steve leaves behind a company that only he could have built, and his spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple."

Jobs co-founded Apple Computer in 1976 and, with his childhood friend Steve Wozniak, marketed what was considered the world's first personal computer, the Apple II.

Shortly after learning of Jobs' death, Wozniak told ABC News, "I'm shocked and disturbed."
Industry watchers called him a master innovator -- perhaps on a par with Thomas Edison -- changing the worlds of computing, recorded music and communications.

In 2004, he beat back an unusual form of pancreatic cancer, and in 2009 he was forced to get a liver transplant. After several years of failing health, Jobs announced on Aug. 24, 2011 that he was stepping down as Apple's chief executive.

"I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO, I would be the first to let you know," Jobs wrote in his letter of resignation. "Unfortunately, that day has come."

One of the world's most famous CEOs, Jobs remained stubbornly private about his personal life, refusing interviews and shielding his wife and their children from public view.

"He's never been a media person," said industry analyst Tim Bajarin, president of Creative Strategies, after Jobs resigned. "He's granted interviews in the context of product launches, when it benefits Apple, but you never see him talk about himself."

The highlights of Jobs's career trajectory are well-known: a prodigy who dropped out of Reed College in Oregon and, at 21, started Apple with Wozniak in his parents' garage. He was a multimillionaire by 25, appeared on the cover of Time magazine at 26, and was ousted at Apple at age 30, in 1984.

In the years that followed, he went into other businesses, founding NeXT computers and, in 1986, buying the computer graphics arm of Lucasfilm, Ltd., which became Pixar Animation Studios.

He was described as an exacting and sometimes fearsome leader, ordering up and rejecting multiple versions of new products until the final version was just right. He said the design and aesthetics of a device were as important as the hardware and software inside.

In 1996, Apple, which had struggled without Jobs, brought him back by buying NeXT. He became CEO in 1997 and put the company on a remarkable upward path.

By 2001 the commercial music industry was on its knees because digital recordings, copied and shared online for free, made it unnecessary for millions of people to buy compact discs.

Jobs took advantage with the iPod -- essentially a pocket-sized computer hard drive with elegantly simple controls and a set of white earbuds so that one could listen to the hours of music one saved on it. He set up the iTunes online music store, and persuaded major recording labels to sell songs for 99 cents each. No longer did people have to go out and buy a CD if they liked one song from it. They bought a digital file and stored it in their iPod.

In 2007, he transformed the cell phone. Apple's iPhone, with its iconic touch screen, was a handheld computer, music player, messaging device, digital wallet and -- almost incidentally -- cell phone. Major competitors, such as BlackBerry, Nokia and Motorola, struggled after it appeared.

By 2010, Apple's new iPad began to cannibalize its original business, the personal computer. The iPad was a sleek tablet computer with a touch screen and almost no physical buttons. It could be used for almost anything software designers could conceive, from watching movies to taking pictures to leafing through a virtual book.

Personal life

Jobs kept a close cadre of friends, Bajarin said, including John Lasseter of Pixar and Larry Ellison of Oracle, but beyond that, shared very little of his personal life with anyone.

But that personal life -- he was given up at birth for adoption, had an illegitimate child, was romantically linked with movie stars -- was full of intrigue for his fan base and Apple consumers.

Jobs and his wife, Laurene Powell, were married in a small ceremony in Yosemite National Park in 1991, lived in Woodside, Calif., and had three children: Reed Paul, Erin Sienna and Eve.

He admitted that when he was 23, he had a child out of wedlock with his high school girlfriend, Chris Ann Brennan. Their daughter, Lisa Brennan Jobs, was born in 1978.

He had a biological sister, Mona Simpson, the author of such well-known books as "Anywhere But Here." But he did not meet Simpson until they were adults and he was seeking out his birth parents. Simpson later wrote a book based on their relationship. She called it "A Regular Guy."

Fortune magazine reported that Jobs denied paternity of Lisa for years, at one point swearing in a court document that he was infertile and could not have children. According to the report, Chris Ann Brennan collected welfare for a time to support the child until Jobs later acknowledged Lisa as his daughter.
There were other personal details that emerged over the years, as well.

At Reed, Jobs became romantically involved with the singer Joan Baez, according to Elizabeth Holmes, a friend and classmate. In "The Second Coming of Steve Jobs," Holmes tells biographer Alan Deutschman that Jobs broke up with his serious girlfriend to "begin an affair with the charismatic singer-activist." Holmes confirmed the details to ABC News.

Jobs' health and Apple's health

Enigmatic and charismatic, Jobs said little about himself. But then his body began to fail him.
In 2004, he was forced to say publicly he had a rare form of pancreatic cancer. In 2009, it was revealed that he had quietly gone to a Memphis hospital for a liver transplant.

He took three medical leaves from Apple. He did not share details.

In 2009, sources said, members of Apple's board of directors had to persuade him to disclose more about his health as "a fiduciary issue," interwoven with the health of the company.

He was listed in March as 109th on the Forbes list of the world's billionaires, with a net worth of about $8.3 billion. After selling Pixar animation studios to The Walt Disney Company in 2006, he became a Disney board member and the company's largest shareholder. Disney is the parent company of ABC News.

Analysts said Apple performed well during Jobs' absence, partly because he was available for big decisions and partly because his chief lieutenant, Tim Cook, was the hands-on manager even when Jobs was there.

The company has a history of bouncing back. In January 2009, after he announced his second medical leave, Apple stock dropped to $78.20 per share. But it quickly recovered and became one of the most successful stocks on Wall Street. On one day in the summer of 2011, with the stock hitting the $400 level, Apple briefly passed ExxonMobil as the world's most valuable company.

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