24.3.17

Srategy Kepemimpinan 1 dari Joseon

1. Layakkan anak berusia bawah 12 tahun menjadi pemimpin utama?
Mampukan dia memahami hakikat politik dunia?
 

2. "Kemarahan dan kesedihan melampau yg dibenamkn dlm hati akn mbunuh diri jika tdk diluahkan. Ianya duri dlm daging"

3. Kuasa firasat n instinct orang perempuan lebih ke garisan tepat berbanding lelaki.

4.Diantara akhlak mulia dan kebolehan memimpin, manusia berbahas utk tentukan yang mana utama?
Ada yang melihat seni memimpin lebih utama drpd akhlak mulia kerana akhlak milik individu manakala seni memimpin milik rakyat dan kemakmuran rakyat.
Manusia yang buruk akhlaknya tetapi cekap kepimpinannya akan lebih membawa negara kw arah lebih maju di masa hadapan. Manakala akhlak yg buruk itu boleh dibaiki satu persatu.
Ada pula yg membawa idea sebaliknya.
Akhlak adalah tunjang utama kepimpinan yang amanah integriti dan memakmurkan rakyat.
Pemimpin yg buruk akhlak akan melahirkan monster dan mobster yang dahsyat teruknya. Negara maju tetapi rakyat menderita kerana hasil bumi utk poket pemimpin. Jangka masa yg panjang negara akan berhenti maju dan musnah teruk.
  

16.3.17

How to Install Ubuntu 16.10/16.04 Alongside With Windows 10


How to Install Ubuntu 16.10/16.04 Alongside With Windows 10 or 8 in Dual-Boot

14.3.17

ADAKAH BENAR MUAWIYYAH MEMBUNUH SAIDATINA AISYAH?

Kebohongan Muawiyah Membunuh Ummul Mukminin Aisyah Radhiallahu anha Termasuk Salah Satu Kedustaan Rofidah


Syiah Rafidhah menuduh bahwa Ibnu Khaldun menyebutkan bahwa Muawiyah radhiallahuanhu adalah termasuk orang yang membunuh Aisyah radhiallahu anha. Saya tahu ini seratus persen bahwa perkataan ini termasuk kebohongan Syiah Syiah. Akan tetapi apa mungkin anda memberikan sedikit penjelasan tentang masalah ini agar saya dapat memberikan bantahan kepada mereka?
Published Date: 2016-04-05
Alhamdulillah
Syiah termasuk kelompok sesat, mereka adalah makhluk Allah yang paling berbohong dan seingkali membuat tuduhan kepada orang-orang. Ibnu Taimiyah rahimahullah mengatakan, “Syiah adalah kelompok umat paling berdusta secara umum. Mereka termasuk kelompok yang paling besar mengaku Islam dari sisi pengagungan dan kesyirikan.” (Majmu Fatawa, 27/175).
Silahkan merujuk jawaban soal no. 1148 dan soal no. 113676.
Mereka telah menyebutkan kebohongannya di antara tuduhan mereka bahwa Muawiyah radhiallahu anhu ketika mengambil baiat untuk anaknya Yazid, Aisyah mengatakan kepadanya dalam kondisi mengingkari perbuatannya, “Apakah para orang tua memanggil keluarganya untuk berbaiat? Beliau mengatakan, “Tidak. Aisyah mengatakan, “Dengan siapa anda mencontoh?” Maka (Muawiyah) malu. Dan dia menyiapkan lobang, sehingga (Aisyah) terjerumus dan mati di dalamnya.” (As-Shiratal Mustaqim,, (3 bab 12/45).
Ini adalah batil dari beberapa sisi:
Pertama, bahwa Aisyah radhiallahu anha meninggal dunia secara wajar, tidak dibunuh radhiallahu anha. Dan ini kesepakan ahli ilmu. Qosim bin Muhammad mengatakan, “Aisyah mengaduh dan Ibnu Abbas datang seraya mengatakan, “Wahai Ummul Mukminin, engkau akan mendatangi tempat kemuliaan, kepada Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam dan Abu Bakar radhiallahu anhu.” (Tarikhul Islam, 4/249)
Silahkan merujuk ‘At-Tahdzib  (12/386) As-Siar (2/192) At-Tobaqat Al-Kubra (8/78).
Kedua, hubungan yang terjadi antara Muawiyah dan Aisyah radhiallahu anhuma hubungan yang baik. Disifati degan penuh kasih sayang, menyambung, kebaikan dan mengenal kabenaran Ummul Mukminin. Biasaanya beliau mengunjungi, menyambung, masuk ke dalam, berbincang-bincang dan meminta nasehat kepada (Aisyah). Hal itu terus berlangsung selama hidupnya sampai beliau meninggal dunia radhiallahu anha.
Diriwayatkan oleh Tirmizi dalam sunannya, (2414):
أن مُعَاوِيَة كتَب إِلَى عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا : أَنْ اكْتُبِي إِلَيَّ كِتَابًا تُوصِينِي فِيهِ وَلَا تُكْثِرِي عَلَيَّ ، فَكَتَبَتْ عَائِشَةُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا إِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ : سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ : فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ : ( مَنْ الْتَمَسَ رِضَا اللَّهِ بِسَخَطِ النَّاسِ كَفَاهُ اللَّهُ مُؤْنَةَ النَّاسِ ، وَمَنْ الْتَمَسَ رِضَا النَّاسِ بِسَخَطِ اللَّهِ وَكَلَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَى النَّاسِ ) وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ ، وصححه الألباني في " صحيح الجامع " (2024
“Bahwa Muawiyah menulis surat ke Aisyah Ummul Mukminin radhiallahu anha. Hendaknya menulis surat untuk memberikan wasiat kepadaku dan jangan terlalu banyak. Kemudian Aisyah radhiallahu anha menulis kepada Muawiyah,”Semoga keselamatan terlimpahkan kepada anda amma ba’du. Sungguh saya telah mendengar Rasulullah sallahualaihi wa sallam bersabda, “Siapa yang mencari ridha Allah di atas kemurkaan manusia, maka Allah akan melindunginya dari gangguan manusia. Dan siapa yang mencari ridha manusia dengan kemurkaan Allah, maka Allah serahkan (urusannya) kepada manusia. Wassalam.” (Dinyatakan Shahih Al-Bany di Shahih Al-Jami, 2024).
Diriwayatkan oleh Al-Hakim (67) dari Hisyam dari ayahnya, “Muawiyah bin Abu Sofyan memberikan kepada Aisyah radhiallahunaha 100.000 (uang) kemudian beliau bagi sampai tidak tersisa sedikitpun. Barirah mengatakan, “Anda puasa, kalau seandainya anda membeli daging dengan satu dirham.” Aisyah mengatakan, “Jika saya ingat (ketika itu) pasti saya lakukan.” (DiShahihkan oleh Dzahabi di Siar, 2/186).
Dari Atha’ bahwa Muawiyah memberikan kepada ke Aisyah sekantong uang berisi 100.000 kemudian beliau bagi kepada ummahat mukminin (isteri-isteri Rasulullah shallallahu alaihi wa sallam).” (Siyar A’lam Nubala, 92/187).
Said bin Abdul Aziz mengatakan, “Muwiyah memberikan untuk Aisyah 18.000 dinar. “ (Tarikh Islam, 4/248).
Dari Abdurrahman bin Qosim berkata, “Muawiyah memberi hadiah pakaian dan dana dan sesuatu yang ditaruh di tiang untuk Aisyah. Ketika beliau keluar dan melihatnya, beliau menangis dan mengatakan, “Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam tidak pernah mendapatkan hal ini. Kemudian beliau membagikannya sehingga tidak tersisa sedikitpun.” (Hilyatul Auliya, 2/48).
Diriwayatkan oleh Alqomah bin Abu Alqomah dari ibunya berkata, “Muawiyah datang ke Madinah, lalu beliau kirim permintaan kepada Aisyah, isinya, “Kirimkan untukku anbajaniah (kain) Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam dan rambutnya.” Maka Aisyah mengirim permintaan tersebut lewat aku yang membawanya. Kemudian beliau ambil kain Anjaniyah dan dipakainya, sementara itu rambutnya di cuci dengan air dan meminumnya dan mengoleskan  kulitnya.” (Tarikhul Islam, 4/311).
Ketiga:
Yang dikenal dari Ibnu Khaldun rahimahullah, beliau termasuk orang yang menghormati para shahabat Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. Tidak mencela satupun dari mereka. Beliau mengembalikan perbedaan dan pertempuran yang terjadi di antara para sahabat sebagai ijtihad dan karenanya mereka semua diberi pahala. Masing-masing di antara mereka menginginkan kebenaran. Tidak dibolehkan seorang pun membicarakan mereka dengan kebatilan karena terjadinya fitnah. Beliau rahimahullah mengatakan, “Ini yang selayaknya dipahami terhadap  prilaku para salaf dari kalangan para shahabat dan tabiin. Mereka adalah umat terbaik, kalau kita ganti  kehormatan mereka menjadi celaan, siapa lagi yang dikhususkan dengan sifat adilnya. Sementara Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam bersabda:
خير الناس قرني ، ثم الذين يلونهم - مرتين أو ثلاثاً - ثم يفشو الكذب
“Sebaik-baik manusia adalah di masaku. Kemudian setelahnya –dua atau tiga kali-kemudian merebak kebohongan.”
Beliau menjadikan kebaikan yaitu adil khusus di masa pertama dan setelahnya. Maka jaga diri dan lisan anda dari mencela salah satu di antara mereka. Jangan hati anda tergoda dengan keraguan sedikit pun terhadap apa yang terjadi diantara mereka. Carilah untuk mereka kesimpulan dan pandangan (kebenaran) semampu anda. Mereka adalah manusia yang paling mulia, mereka tidak berselisih kecuali dengan bukti. Mereka tidak berperang atau terbunuh kecuali di jalan jihad atau menunjukkan kebenaran. Meskipun begitu, yakinilah bahwa perbedaan mereka itu menjadi rahmat bagi umat setelahnya. Agar masing-masing dapat memilih dari mereka dan menjadikannya sebagai imam, petunjuk dan dalil. Fahami hal itu, dan akan tampak hikmah Allah dalam penciptaan dan alam semestanya. Ketahuilah bahwa Allah mampu melakukan segala sesuatu dan kepada-Nya kembali dan dikumpulkan.” (Tarikh Ibnu Khaldun, 1/218).
Beliau rahimahullah mengatakan, “Banyak di dapati dari perkataan ahli sejarah kabar yang di dalamnya terdapat tuduhan dan semacamnya kepada hak mereka –maksudnya para shahabat –, maka selayaknya jangan kita hitamkan catatan amal kita (dengan ikut menyebarkan fitnah tersebut).” (Tarikh Ibnu Khaldun, 2/188).
Ibnu Khaldun termasuk orang yang sangat menghormati, menghargai dan menyanjung Muawiyah radhiallahuanhu. Beliau mengatakan dalam kitab Tarikhnya, 2/188, “Selayaknya pemerintaan Muawiyah dan sejarahnya diikutsertakan dalam catatan sejarah  pemerintahan para Kholifah (Khulafaurrasyidin), karena beliau mengikuti mereka dalam keutamaan, keadilan dan kebersamaan (dengan Nabi)…”
Yang benar adalah Muawiyah termasuk dalam kelompok par  khalifah. Akan tetapi para ahli sejarah mengakhirkannya dalam tulisan mereka karena dua sebab.
Pertama, bahwa khilafah pada masanya di dapatkan dengan cara mengalahkan. Karena seperti yang telah kami ketengahkan adanya asobiyah (fanatisme golongan) yang terjadi pada masanya. Sementara sebelum itu terjadi dengan cara memilih dan musyawarah. Sehingga mereka membedakan di antara dua keadaan. Maka, Muawiyah adalah Khalifah pertama yang meraih kekuasaan dengan cara mengalahkan dan fanatisme golongan sebagaimana yang diungkapkan oleh para ahli hawa nafsu tentang kehidupan raja-raja. Mereka pukul rata semuatnya seakan-akan sama saja satu sama lain. Sungguh  Muawiyah tidak sama dengan orang-orang setelahnya, semoga Allah merahmatinya.” (Tarikh Ibnu Khaldun, 2/188).
Beliau rahimahullah juga mengatakan, “Yang menjadikan Muawiyah lebih mengedepankan anakna Yazid untuk kekuasaan bukan kepada selainnya karena menjaga kemaslahatan persatuan manusia, yaitu dengan bersatunya ahlu hili wal aqdi waktu itu dari Bani Umayyah, karena Bani Umayyah waktu itu tidak rela jika khalifah selain dari mereka. Mereka adalah kelompok besar Quraisy dan Ahli Agama semua. Serta yang memenangkan diantara mereka. Sehingga yazid lebih dikedepankan dibandingkan lainnya yang dianggap lebih utama untuk menjaga kesatuan dan persatuan yang urusannya lebih penting dalam agama. Meskipun Muawiyah tidak diduga sepeti ini, maka keadilan dan kedudukannya sebagai shahabat (nabi) menghalanginya melakukan selain itu. Begitu juga kehadiran para senior dari kalangan shahabat serta diamnya mereka, sebagai dalil hilangnya keraguan pada mereka. Mereka bukan orang yang serampangan dalam mengambil kebenaran, begitu juga Muawiyah bukan orang yang gengsi untuk menerima kebenaran. Mereka semua lebih mulia dari itu semua. Keadialan mereka menghalangi akan hal itu.” (Tarikh Ibnu Khaldun, 1/211).
Yang menyangka bahwa Muawiyah membunuh Ummul Mukminin Aisyah radhiallahu anha dan Ibnu Khaldun menyebutkan hal itu dalam kitabnya termasuk orang paling bohong.
Sebagai tambahan, silahkan lihat jawaban soal no. 147974.
Wallahu a’lam.

28.5.16

Tetiba Samsung Note 5 Anda Tidak boleh dibuka atau Off sendiri? Apa Perlu dibuat?


Problem: Won’t turn on

If you find that your Note 5 has gone completely unresponsive, and it won’t turn on when you press the Power button, don’t panic.
Potential solutions:
  • Hold down Power and Volume down together for around ten seconds. The Note 5 should vibrate and reboot. If you get a Maintenance Boot Mode menu, just select Normal Boot.
  • Plug your Note 5 into the charger, and let it charge for at least half an hour. Then try turning it on. If it doesn’t respond, try holding Power and Volume down together again for ten seconds.
  • Plug your Note 5 into your computer or laptop to see if it responds.
  • Try holding the Power, Volume up, and Home buttons together. You should see the Android mascot on screen, followed by the recovery menu. Try highlighting reboot system now and press Power to select it.
  • If it still won’t respond, then it’s time to contact Samsung, your carrier, or the retailer.
Image result for why my samsung note 5 can not o

10.2.16

the Ultimate Guide to Making Firefox Faster

the Ultimate Guide to Making Firefox Faster



If you’ve been using Firefox for a long time, you may have noticed it getting slower as time passed. Maybe it takes a few seconds to start up or takes a bit longer loading webpages. You might start noticing that it takes a second or so to switch between tabs or that the menu option doesn’t pop up instantly.
If your installation of Firefox runs slow or freezes more than you’d care for, there are a lot of different ways to speed things up a bit. In this article, I’m going to go through all the tips and tricks I’ve learned over the years to keep Firefox fast and efficient. Depending on your operating system and system configuration, some tweaks might give you more of a boost than others.
Note that some tweaks require changing the browser settings in about:config. If you don’t know what I’m talking about, read my previous post on backing up and modifying the about:config configuration in Firefox.

Enable HTTP Cache

browser cache backend
There is a new HTTP cache option that can be enabled in Firefox, which will help reduce UI glitches and various other browser crashes. Open about:config and search for the following entry:
browser.cache.use_new_backend
Double-click on it and change the value from 0 to 1. You can then simply close the about:config tab and continue browsing. There is no need to restart the browser or computer, etc. The new cache will be enabled and you should get a speed boost and a smoother browsing experience.

Refresh Firefox

Firefox has a really cool feature that basically performs an automatic tune up on your Firefox installation. However, you only want to do this after you understand exactly what it does. Firstly, it will keep your browsing history, bookmarks, passwords, cookies, website auto-fill info and personal dictionary.
It will delete extensions and themes, website permissions, added search engines, download history, security settings, plugin settings, toolbar customizations, user styles and social feature. To get to it, you have to type in about:support in the address bar.
firefox tuneup
Click on the Refresh Firefox button at the top right to get started. I have used this feature a several times and it works great. It does take a bit of time reinstalling a few add-ons, but I’ve found that it helps me get rid of the add-ons I never used in the first place.

Enable Safe Mode

Firefox has a nice feature called Safe mode that disables extensions and themes in order to determine whether an extension is causing problems. Since Firefox is all about extensions, you’ll definitely run into some with poorly written code that can cause a lot of grief.
If you find that browsing in safe mode is super fast compared to normal browsing, then you can almost guarantee that it’s an extension causing the slowdown. You can restart Firefox in safe mode by clicking on the menu icon and then clicking on the help icon.
firefox help button
Now choose Restart with Add-ons Disabled to get into safe mode.
restart addons disabled
Safe mode will also turn off hardware acceleration and will reset toolbar and button customizations. Everything will go back to normal when you restart Firefox normally so don’t think you’ve lost any customizations you might have made.
Also, when you restart, it’ll ask you to Start in Safe Mode or Refresh Firefox, which is the the other tip I already mentioned above.
safe mode firefox
It’s best to disable all add-ons and then enable them one by one to see which one is causing Firefox to slow down, freeze or crash. You can see all the add-ons and plugins by clicking on the Firefox menu and clicking on Add-ons.
firefox plugins addons
The more add-ons and plugins you disable or delete, the faster Firefox will run. Some plugins will be set to Ask to Activate, which is ok. You want to check all the ones that are set to Always Activate and see which ones can be switched to Ask to Activate.

Minimize Memory Usage

Firefox has quite a few of these built-in performance tricks and another one is to minimize the memory usage. Go ahead and type in about:memory into the address bar and you can get detailed memory usage information about Firefox.
ff minimize memory usage
You’ll see a button under Free Memory called Minimize memory usage. Click on that and it will try to free up memory immediately and therefore make Firefox run faster. This is a good option to use if you had a bunch of tabs open in Firefox and you recently closed out a lot of them. Any memory being previously held by those tabs and still being used by Firefox will be freed.

Clear Cache

Another easy way to make Firefox faster is to periodically clear the cache. By default, Firefox will cache the contents of most websites you visit, so that they load faster when you visit them again. In the short term, this works well and does speed up browsing, however, once the cache becomes very large, it can start to slow things down.
If you click on the Firefox menu, click Options and then click on Advanced, you’ll see a Network tab that lets you clear the cache.
clear cache firefox
I don’t suggest clearing the cache very often, as that will slow down browsing. The best thing to do is to check every few months or to check the Override automatic cache management box and set the value depending on what type of hard drive you have. Since this cache is accessed via disk, it can be pretty slow if you have a slow hard drive.
However, if you have an extremely fast SSD drive, then using the cache can be more beneficial. So keep it small (<250 a="" alone="" and="" disk.="" drive="" fast="" hard="" have="" if="" is="" it="" leave="" mb="" p="" slow="" very="" you="">

Firefox Pipelining

If you have used Firefox for a long time, you have probably come across this hack on many blogs. Pipelining is a feature that basically lets Firefox open multiple connections to a server, theoretically loading pages faster. I’ve had mixed results with this setting, so it’s best to test it yourself first to see whether it’s worth keeping enabled.
There are different views on what value should be set for the max number of connections, but the consensus from most diehard Firefox fans is 8. In order to enable pipelining, go to about:config and type in network.http.pipe in the filter box and you’ll see several settings.
network http pipelining
The values you need to change are shown in the image above. I have also listed them below if it’s not clear.
network.http.pipelining – true
network.http.pipelining.aggressive – true
network.http.pipelining.maxrequests – 8
network.http.pipelining.ssl – true

Other Settings

There are a couple of more obscure settings that could possibly speed up your Firefox browsing, but results are not guaranteed. It’s best to test these and see if there is any noticeable difference.
network.dns.disableIPv6 – true
browser.tabs.animate – false
browser.display.show_image_placeholders – false
Hopefully, your installation of Firefox is running a bit faster. I don’t recommend using add-ons like FasterFox because they only change the settings we have talked about above and adding more add-ons to speed up Firefox just doesn’t make any sense. If you have your own tip for speeding up Firefox, let us know in the comments. Enjoy!

23.12.15

5 Aplikasi Android Untuk Pengurusan Kewangan Dan Perbelanjaan Anda

Boleh dikatakan pada hari ini, kita membawa telefon pintar ke mana-mana jua. Perkara ini sekaligus menjadikan ia sebagai salah satu tempat baik untuk merekod pelbagai perkara, termasuk perbelanjaan harian anda.
Terdapat beberapa aplikasi menarik di pasaran pada hari ini yang memudahkan para pengguna mencatatkan perbelanjaan harian mereka, sekaligus memudahkan mereka memantau kewangan dan mengetahui pola perbelanjaan supaya mereka boleh lebih berjimat pada bulan-bulan akan datang.
Jadi, sekiranya anda merupakan pengguna Android, terdapat sejumlah aplikasi yang menawarkan sokongan untuk mencatatkan perbelanjaan, dan berikut merupakan antara aplikasi menarik yang diminati kami.
Toshl Finance
Toshl Finance BB10
Boleh dikatakan Toshl merupakan salah satu aplikasi memfokuskan kewangan dan perbelanjaan yang popular. Ini kerana ia terdapat dipelbagai platform utama, termasuk di Android.
Menggunakan aplikasi ini, pengguna boleh mencatatkan pelbagai perbelanjaan harian mereka, sekaligus melihat baki wang mereka untuk sesuatu bulan.
Expense Manager
Expense Manager
Expense Manager merupakan salah satu aplikasi yang sedang digunakan oleh saya buat masa ini. Ia membawakan antaramuka yang kemas, disamping tidak diganggu oleh sebarang iklan.
Pengguna boleh menetapkan had perbelanjaan bulanan, dan mencatatkan pelbagai perbelanjaan mereka menggunakannya. Ia turut dilengkapi dengan notifikasi harian, membolehkan anda mencatatkan perbelanjaan anda tanpa terlupa menggunakannya.
Financius
Financius
Satu lagi aplikasi pengurusan perbelanjaan dengan antaramuka yang ringkas dan kemas. Menggunakan aplikasi ini, pengguna boleh mencatatkan perbelanjaan, selain mana turut membuat salinan pendua data perbelanjaan mereka terus ke Google Drive.
Spendee
Spendee Android
Spendee menawarkan kemudahan untuk pengguna mencatatkan sesuatu perbelanjaan dengan pantas, selain mana turut memperlihatkan graf dan infografik yang amat cantik untuk pengguna memantau perbelanjaan bulanan mereka.
Budget
Budget
Budget Android
Satu lagi aplikasi dengan antaramuka Holo yang selari dengan Android. Menggunakan aplikasi pengurusan kewangan ini, ia memberikan kemudahan untuk pengguna menetapkan perbelanjaan berulang – sekaligus memudahkan input pada masa akan datang.

Kebanyakkan daripada aplikasi pengurusan kewangan ini turut hadir dengan sokongan input dalam bentuk CSV untuk memudahkan anda memindahkan data ke perisian lain, ataupun menyimpannya untuk rekod anda di komputer dan sebagainya.
Apa pun, salah satu cabaran utama dalam menggunakan aplikasi ini adalah dimana pengguna sering kali terlupa untuk mencatatkan perbelanjaan mereka – sekaligus menjadikan angka perbelanjaan tidak begitu tepat apabila dihitung.
Bagi anda yang ingin menguruskan perbelanjaan dengan lebih efektif mungkin boleh mencubanya, dan jangan lupa berkongsi dengan kami sekiranya terdapat sebarang aplikasi pengurusan kewangan lain yang menarik untuk Android.

21.12.15

Cara Lain untuk Install Ubuntu alongside Window 10

Introduction

Windows 10 has been out for a while now and as I have a track record for writing dual boot guides I thought it was about time I created a Windows 10 and Ubuntu dual boot guide. 
This guide focuses on computers with a Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) over a standard Basic Input Output System (BIOS). Another guide will be coming out shortly to cover the BIOS version.
What this means is that if you were using Windows 8 and 8.1 before upgrading to Windows 10 then this guide will work for you. If you have just bought a brand new Windows 10 machine and it has a standard hard drive (i.e it isn't a Surface Pro) then this guide will also work for you.
If your computer used to run Windows 7 before upgrading to Windows 10 then it is highly probable that this guide isn't suitable in which case you should follow this guide
How can you tell if your computer has a UEFI over a standard BIOS? 
In the search box at the bottom of the screen type "System Information" and when the icon appears at the top click on it.
Halfway down the right panel there is an item called BIOS mode. If it says UEFI then this guide will work for you.

Steps For Dual Booting Windows 10 And Ubuntu

The steps required for dual booting Windows 10 and Ubuntu are as follows:

  • Backup your Windows 10 operating system (optional but highly recommended)
  • Create a Ubuntu USB drive
  • Enable booting from a USB drive
  • Shrink the Windows 10 partition to make space for Ubuntu
  • Boot into Ubuntu live environment and install Ubuntu
  • Amend the boot order to make sure Ubuntu can boot

Back Up Windows 10

In the list of steps above I have put this down as an optional requirement but I can't stress highly enough that you should really do it.
Let's imagine for a moment that you have a machine that used to run Windows 8 and you spent the time upgrading to Windows 10.
If you follow this process and for whatever reason it doesn't work and your machine is left in an undesirable state then without a backup the minimum it will cost you is the time it takes to reinstall Windows 8 and then upgrade to Windows 10.
Imagine now that you don't have the Windows 8 media and you don't have a viable recovery partition. You now have no way of getting Windows back without buying either the Windows 8 disk which costs around £90 or a Windows 10 disk which costs £199. You would also have to find and download any required graphics, audio and other drivers required for Windows to run properly.
I have written a guide (linked below) which shows you how to backup all of your partitions using a tool called Macrium Reflect. There is a free version of the tool available and the most this tutorial will cost you is time and if you don't have one an external hard drive or a spindle of blank DVDs.


Create A Ubuntu USB Drive

There are many tools out there for creating a Ubuntu USB drive including UNetbootin, Universal USB Creator, YUMI, Win32 Disk Imager and Rufus.
Personally the tool that I find most useful for creating Linux USB drives is Win32 Disk Imager. 
I have written a guide showing how to create a Ubuntu USB drive. 
It shows you how to do the following things:
  • How to get Win32 Disk Imager, 
  • How to install Win32 Disk Imager.
  • How to format a USB drive.
  • How to create a Ubuntu USB drive
  • How to set the power options in Windows 10 to allow booting from USB
  • How to boot into a Ubuntu live environment
You will obviously need a USB drive for this purpose.

Click here for a guide showing how to create a Ubuntu USB drive.


If you would prefer to, you can buy a USB drive with Ubuntu already installed on it.

Shrink Windows To Make Space For Ubuntu

If your computer only has one hard drive you will need to shrink your Windows 10 partition in order to make space for Ubuntu.

Click here for a guide showing how to shrink your Windows 10 partition.

Boot Into Ubuntu Live Environment

Make sure that the Ubuntu USB drive is plugged into the computer.
If you backed up your computer using Macrium and you chose to create the Macrium boot menu option then you can simply reboot your computer. 

When the above screen appears click on the "Change defaults or choose other options" link at the bottom of the screen.

If you chose not to create the Macrium boot menu option hold down the shift key and reboot your computer. (Keep the shift key held down until a screen similar to the one below appears).


Each manufacturer has a different version of UEFI and so the menu options may be different.

The important thing is that a blue screen with white writing appears.

You are basically looking for the option to boot from the USB drive and this may take some finding. From the image above I chose the “Choose other options” menu item which produced the screen below.



I then clicked on the “Use a device” option which as you can see has the subtext “Use a USB drive, network connection or Windows recovery DVD”.


A list of devices will now appear.

This isn’t the first time I have installed things on this computer and my EFI partition still has links to old Ubuntu versions.

The important link on this screen is the “EFI USB Device” option.

Choose the EFI USB Device option and Ubuntu should now boot from the USB drive.

A boot menu will appear.

Choose the first menu option to try Ubuntu.

A large dialogue window will appear with options to install Ubuntu or to Try Ubuntu.

Click on the “Try Ubuntu” option. Ubuntu will now be loaded as a live session. You can try out all of the features of Ubuntu but if you reboot all the changes will be lost.

Install Ubuntu

To start the installation click on the “Install Ubuntu” icon on the desktop.
After clicking on the “Install Ubuntu” option the following screen will appear:
This is the beginning of the installation process and you can select the language which is used to help you through the process.

Choose your language and click “Continue”.



























You now have the option to connect to the internet (Unless you are on a wired connection in which case it will be automatically connected).
It isn’t necessary to be connected to the internet when installing Ubuntu and if you have a poor internet connection (i.e. slow) then I recommend not connecting as this will slow down the process.
The advantages of being connected to the internet are that any updates that are available will be instantly applied and you will be able to install third party tools for playing MP3 audio as part of the installation process.
It is up to you whether you connect or not. To do so choose a wireless network and enter the security key.
Click “Continue”.

























The next screen shows you a list of prerequisites for installing Ubuntu with ticks next to each one that has been satisfied.
The only one that really matters is the disk space. As mentioned during the shrinking of Windows phase you need at least 7 gigabytes of space but more is recommended.
Being connected to the internet is only necessary for installing updates on the fly and installing the third party software for playing MP3 audio and Flash. (These can be done at a later point).
The power source option is obviously required for a desktop computer but for a laptop if you have enough battery life you don’t need it to be plugged into the wall. (Although if you are close to one it is recommended).
At the bottom of the screen is an option to tick a box for installing third party software which allows you to play MP3 audio and play Flash video. There is a better option which can be installed post installation so leave this box unchecked.
Click “Continue”.



























The “Installation Type” screen lets you decide whether you want to install Ubuntu alongside Windows or over the top.
Choose the “Install Ubuntu alongside Windows Boot Manager” option.
Click “Install Now”.
A window will appear showing you what is going to happen to your disk. By default the Ubuntu installer will create an ext4 partition for Ubuntu and all of your personal files and a swap partition used for swapping idle processes when memory gets low.
Click “Continue”.





















A map of the world will appear. The purpose of it is to make it possible for Ubuntu to set the time on your clock correctly.
Click where you live on the map or start typing it into the box provided and then click “Continue”.

























Almost there. Just two more steps before Ubuntu is installed.
You now need to choose your keyboard layout. Select your keyboard’s language in the left pane and then the actual physical layout in the right pane.
Alternatively click on the detect keyboard layout option and it will more than likely do it for you.
Test out the keyboard layout that you have chosen by typing into the box provided. Specifically try out symbols such as the dollar sign, pound symbol, hash tags, speech marks, slashes and other special characters as these are the keys that tend to move around on a keyboard.
Click “Continue”.

























The final step is to create a default user.
Enter your name and give your computer a name.
Enter a username into the box provided and choose a password and repeat it.
Click on the “Require my password to log in” option. I don’t really recommend anyone letting their machine log in automatically unless it is a virtual machine used for test purposes.
Finally click “Continue”.
The files will now be copied to your computer.
When the process has finished you will have the options to continue test or to restart now. 
Choose the “Continue Testing” option.

Change The Boot Order So That Ubuntu Can Boot

You will need to be connected to the internet for this to work.
Click on the network icon in the top right corner and choose your wireless network (unless you are connected with an Ethernet cable). Enter the security key.
Open up a terminal window by either pressing CTRL ALT and T at the same time or click the top icon in the bar on the left side and type “term” into the search box.  Click on the terminal icon that appears.
Type sudo apt-get install efibootmgr into the terminal window.
When asked whether you want to continue press “y”.
After the installation has completed type efibootmgr into the terminal window.
A list of boot devices will appear.
As you can see in my list there are the following boot options:
  • boot0000 for Ubuntu (this is an old version and can be ignored)
  • boot0001 which is Windows
  • boot0002 and boot0003 are two LAN devices
  • boot0004 which is the new version of Ubuntu that I just installed
  • boot0005 is my USB device
  • boot0006 and boot0007 are two other LAN devices
  • boot0008 is another USB device

At the top of the text you will see that my current boot device is boot0005 which is the USB device.
More importantly is the boot order which is listed as 0001,0000,0004,2001. 
What this tells me is that the computer will boot Windows first, then the rubbish version of Ubuntu, then the new version of Ubuntu and finally a USB device.
This is clearly incorrect.





















To change the bootorder all you have to do is enter the following command:
·         sudo efibootmgr –o 4,1

The –o says that I want to change the order. Then all I have to do is list the order I want things to boot.
So in the command above I have stated I want Ubuntu to boot first and then Windows.
Type exit into the window and reboot the computer by clicking the icon in the top far right corner of the screen.
Choose to shutdown and reboot your computer.
When given the option and before the computer actually reboots remove the USB drive. 
Now when you restart your computer a menu will appear with options for booting into Ubuntu and Windows 10.
Try them both out and hopefully you will have successfully installed Ubuntu alongside Windows 10.

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